Dispositions of Court Cases
Unless the charges are dismissed right away, your child will have a court appearance. There are a number of outcomes to court cases. These outcomes are called Dispositions. Possible outcomes include:
- Dismissal – The case is set aside. This happens when there is not enough evidence to prove that your child committed the offense. This can also happen for other reasons.
- Placement - A child may be removed from home and placed elsewhere for a certain length of time. Possible places where they could be taken include juvenile detention or residential treatment centers. Other facilities include foster homes or other facilities.
- Probation – Places a youth under the supervision of the court. During probation, the young person must maintain good behavior, not commit another offense and meet any other conditions that have been set by the court. Treatment can be a condition of probation.
- Deferred Prosecution, Deferred Sentence – A person is placed on probation before he or she goes before a judge. This also happens before a sentence is imposed. In the case of deferred prosecution, the judge may dismiss the charges. This can happen if the child meets the conditions set by the court.
- Transfer to adult criminal court – This typically happens only with severe violations of the law. These can include murder, rape, robbery, burglary or distribution of illegal drugs. In this case, the youth’s case will be transferred to adult court and the penalties that apply to adults will apply to your child.
- Other – There are a number of other court dispositions. They may include participation in a drug treatment program or payment of fines. This can also include doing community service work, and electronic monitoring.